By meaning of dictionary, environment includes nature in totality of surrounding conditions air, sun, ground, sky, house, and woods. it is the atmosphere and the conditions surrounding you, like a good home, how you were raised and the people who you were around that shaped or influenced the way you developed mentally as you grew up.
Attempt to raise the living standards of citizens have meant that economic development has largely taken precedence over environmental issues. Unchecked use of hazardous chemicals, vehicle emissions, and industrial activity has contributed to a number of environmental and health hazards. Mainly among them is water pollution. Much of the country suffers from a lack of potable water due to industrial waste and agricultural runoff that contaminates drinking water supplies. Poverty and high population growth have aggravated, and to a certain extent, caused, these environmental problems.
Although Pakistan is renowned for its mountain ranges and areas of untouched wilderness, the country passed legislation to protect its environment only in the past 10 years. Environmental groups have questioned the country’s commitment to environmental protection. In the cities, widespread use of low-quality fuel, combined with a dramatic expansion in the number of vehicles on Pakistani roads, has led to significant air pollution problems. Although Pakistan’s energy consumption is still low by world standards, lead and carbon emissions are major air pollutants in urban centers such as Karachi, Lahore, and Islamabad and other growing cities in Pakistan. Diversion of electricity in transmission, as well as a lack of energy efficiency standards, has contributed to Pakistan’s high energy and carbon intensities. To increase energy efficiency, the country is stepping up its use of renewable energy sources to bring electricity to rural areas and urbanization continues and the population grows at a rapid rate, all these element needs to confront its environmental problems in order to safeguard the health of it citizens.
As the health of a human being is one of the important and fundamental right therefore , Proper environmental management is the key to avoiding the quarter of all preventable illnesses which are directly caused by environmental factors. The environment influences our health in many ways. Through exposures to physical, chemical and biological risk factors, and through related changes in our behavior in response to those factors.
In the past decades water, air, noise pulsation in surrounding environment of human being become a greatest challenge. There have been conventions, coalitions, and conferences held in its name. Hundreds of politicians have discussed, debated and even come to agree on possible solutions armed with which we might stand and face its impending challenge. Thousands of scientists have released studies, statements, and reports documenting its harmful and possibly even apocalyptic consequences for all of the world’s biodiversity. Millions of people have individually altered their own lifestyles and together they have walked and run and biked in fierce protest. The issue at hand is climate change, and it has literally and figuratively taken every corner of our world by storm. People are increasingly aware that this environmental threat could be the defining issue of our time. In view of the above discussions, environment is one of the objectives chapters of Human Rights Group of Pakistan as integrated human rights.